RFID animal identification and tracking

1.    introduction

In recent years, the world's animal epidemic breaking out, such as mad cow disease, foot and mouth disease, avian flu, and brought serious harm to people's health and life, a heavy blow to the world's livestock industry, which led to the world, especially European countries attach great importance. To this end, governments quickly develop policies and adopt various measures to strengthen the management of animals, including animal identification and tracking of these important measures, one of them. The provisions of the British Government, for example, cattle, pigs, sheep and goats, horses rearing animals must be taken to a variety of tracking and identifying means. Animal electronic identification practices in recent years show that the electronic identification method in RFID in animal management plays an increasingly important role.

A. animal identification and tracking

Animal identification and tracking refers to the use of a particular tag, corresponding to some kind of technical means to be recognized by animal tracking and management of a technology, and related properties of the animal at any time.

A variety of animal identification and tracking, to strengthen the control and supervision of foreign animal diseases, protect the safety of the native species, to ensure the safety of animal products in international trade; to enhance the animals inoculated with the disease prevention and management, improve the animal disease diagnosis and reporting capabilities, as well as inside and outside the animal epidemic emergency response.

B. the RFID link involved

Feeding links: born and reared in livestock, livestock body installed RFID tags (for example, made of the ear tag or foot ring) and the birth of the livestock, these electronic tags hit in the ear, then the breeder with a handheld device set, the information collected or stored it in the growth process, from the source of production safety control. Record the immunization records of livestock in each period, disease information and records of the breeding process critical information. Livestock before slaughter, we must first be read by handheld RFID tags, to confirm the disease-free livestock to slaughter.

Slaughtering link: before slaughter, the RFID tag information to read and beast, to confirm the livestock epidemic prevention record and effective health can only be slaughtered and enter the market, while the information is written to the box label, pallet labels and price go into the label.

  Department in charge of supervision: the regulatory authorities during the process of market regulation require all sales outlets cargo pallets, boxes and price tags containing RFID tags, the meat's origin, product name, type, grade, price and other relevant data written into the electronic tag.

Logistics link: fresh meat into circulation, loading the meat tray or box to affix RFID tags, and transported to designated supermarkets or market point of sale, the transfer of goods, simply by a fixed distance read card or a hand-held reader to read RFID tags on crates or pallets can be.

Exotic livestock management: the case of other provinces and cities shipped to slaughter has been a good meat products into the market, first the location of the specified regulatory product testing, inspection, electronic tags affixed to the product information and relevant inspection information. At the same time, regulators issued a Certificate of marketing products.

C. the RFID animal tag types and use

Broadly divided into the collar of animal RFID tag type, ear brand style injections and pills electronic tags, as shown in Figure.


(1) collar-type electronic tag from an animal who is very easy to change to the other end of the animals, the main application in the stables bar automatic feed rationing and the determination of milk production.

(2) The performance of the ear brand electronic tag is much better than the bar code ear brand. Much more data than bar codes stored as electronic tags, and can be applied to the harsh environment of oil, rain. The reader's read range is much larger than the bar code reading distance, and bulk read.

(3) injection of electronic labels in recent years began to application of the principle is the subcutaneous electronic tags placed into the animal using a special tool to establish a fixed link between the animal's body with electronic tags, which kinds of contact only through surgery in order to be revoked. Commercial injectable RFID tags can do only one grain of rice size.

(4) pill electronic tag is an electronic tag is placed in an acid-resistant cylindrical container, mostly ceramics. Then this container will be placed through the esophagus of animals to ruminants before the gastric juice, under normal circumstances, the electronic label of the pill for life to stay in the stomach of the animal. This way is simple and reliable, and do not harm animals, electronic tag is placed into the animal body.

 

2.    Main Function

1, animal the basic information: birth, breeder information, the growth of information, access to pasture, slaughter and other basic information records;

2, immunization information: quarantine, vaccination, immunization checks, vaccination treatment information records;

3 supply chain monitoring: temperature, humidity, and crossing to check the records of the information;

4, slaughter and quarantine records: slaughter and quarantine, slaughter date, storage environment, information records;

5, Sales Products: sales and information, the date of sale, distributor’s information records;

6, the state supervision departments of statistics and query functions;

7, back-office management functions;

8, the retrospective search functions;